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As our canine friends’ age, we often notice changes in their behaviour that can leave us wondering if something is wrong.
One common behaviour that senior dogs exhibit is pacing, which can cause concern for pet owners.
But fear not, as we are here to shed some light on this topic and help you better understand your senior dog’s behaviour!
But first, let’s see what pacing is for senior dogs.
While pacing behaviour in senior dogs is a common issue, it can have a variety of causes and potential health risks.
Possible causes could include cognitive decline, lack of mental stimulation, medical conditions, and environmental changes.
No matter which one applies to your dog’s case, keep a watchful eye on when your dog paces, and consult with your veterinarian for guidance and support.
If you suspect stress and anxiety to be a cause, make sure to show your pooch plenty of love and affection along the way!
Pacing is a behaviour in which dogs move back and forth in a repetitive and often predictable pattern.
In such cases, your dog may walk or trot in a straight line for a short distance, then turn around and walk back in the opposite direction in a pattern that may be consistent and predictable, with the dog following the same path or route each time.
For example, a dog may pace back and forth along a fence line or pace in a circle around a room or yard or appear restless or agitated during the pacing behaviour.
They might even seem unable to settle down or relax while, in some cases, the dog may also vocalise, such as by barking or whining, during the pacing behaviour.
As for the causes behind this, in senior dogs, it can be caused by various factors, including pain, anxiety, medical conditions, or cognitive decline.
Moreover, it can be seen as a way for your senior dog to cope with these changes or to seek attention.
Still, it’s important to note that not all pacing behaviour is a cause for concern, as it can be a natural response to certain stimuli.
However, if you notice a sudden increase in pacing behaviour, or your dog seems to be uncomfortable or in pain while pacing – something that can be exhibited by whimpers, changes in posture like when dogs hold their heads low, limping, excessive panting, and more – it’s important to take action and seek professional help.
As previously mentioned, there are various reasons why senior dogs may start pacing. Here are some common causes:
As dogs age, they can develop arthritis, joint pain, or other conditions that cause discomfort or pain.
Pacing may be a way for your dog to alleviate this discomfort, as it helps to stretch their muscles and joints.
Senior dogs may experience cognitive decline as they age, leading to confusion or disorientation.
Pacing can allow your dog to explore their surroundings and find familiar objects or places
Anxiety and stress can affect dogs of all ages, but it can be more pronounced in senior dogs. Pacing can be a sign of anxiety, as your dog may be trying to calm itself down or find a safe place.
Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid problems or diabetes, can cause your dog to pace. It’s important to rule out any underlying medical issues by visiting your veterinarian.
Changes in the environment, such as moving to a new home or having a new family member, can cause stress and anxiety in senior dogs. Pacing can be a way for your dog to cope with these changes.
As dogs age, they may become less interested in playing or exploring. Pacing can be a way for your dog to alleviate boredom or seek mental stimulation.
By understanding the reasons behind your senior dog’s pacing behaviour, you can take steps to alleviate any discomfort or anxiety they may be feeling.
Attributing which of these reasons may be affecting your senior dog’s pacing behaviour can be challenging, as several factors could contribute to the behaviour.
To identify the cause, observing your dog’s behaviour and looking for patterns is essential. For example, if your dog tends to pace more after physical activity, joint pain or discomfort could be the cause.
On the other hand, if your dog is disoriented, confused, or appears lost, cognitive decline may be the reason, whereas if your dog seems nervous or anxious, it could be due to stress or anxiety.
It’s also essential to visit your veterinarian to rule out any underlying medical conditions that could cause pacing.
It’s also essential to be able to recognise when your senior dog is pacing, as it can be a sign of an underlying issue that needs attention.
So, what are some signs to look out for, and how can you monitor your dog’s pacing? Here are some examples:
Pacing can be recognized by a repetitive and predictable back-and-forth movement.
However, your dog may also be panting or appear restless while pacing, so pay attention to your dog’s body language, as they may appear uncomfortable or in pain.
If you suspect that your dog is pacing, it’s important to monitor their behaviour to see if it is becoming more frequent or severe.
A helpful thing to do is to keep a journal of when your dog is pacing and note any changes in their behaviour or environment.
Furthermore, it’s important to take action if you notice a sudden increase in your dog’s pacing behaviour or if it seems to be causing them discomfort or distress.
This may involve visiting your veterinarian or making changes to your dog’s environment or routine, such as providing a quiet, comfortable space for your dog to rest, creating a predictable routine for your dog, or providing them with regular exercise and playtime.
Either way, make sure to act on it, and don’t let it just pass by!
As you can see, pacing can be a sign of an underlying issue that needs attention, but it can also lead to other health risks, some examples of which are:
Pacing can put a lot of strain on your senior dog’s joints and muscles and can cause pain or discomfort as well as lead to long-term damage to their mobility.
And as we are certain you don’t want your dog to be in pain, it’s important to take steps to alleviate any discomfort they may feel.
Furthermore, pacing can be tiring for your senior dog, especially if they’re doing it for long periods of time.
This can lead to dehydration and fatigue, which can be dangerous for our furry friends.
So, ensure your senior dog has access to fresh water and take breaks if you see them pacing for a long time.
Pacing on hard surfaces can cause pressure sores on your senior dog’s feet, which can be painful and lead to infection, which can be dangerous for their health.
Therefore, providing them with comfortable surfaces to walk on is important.
Another thing pacing can do to your senior dog is make it more prone to falls, especially if it is already experiencing mobility issues.
As a result, to keep your pooch from getting hurt, you must ensure their environment is free from hazards.
Now that we understand the reasons for pacing and the potential health risks let’s talk about how to manage and treat this behaviour in our senior dogs.
There are a few different approaches you can take, depending on the cause of your dog’s pacing behaviour, so let’s have a look at them:
The first step in managing your senior dog’s pacing behaviour is to take them to a veterinarian for a full assessment.
Then your vet can determine if there are any underlying medical issues that may be causing your dog to pace.
Once any health issues have been addressed, they can also offer guidance on how to manage the behaviour.
Changing your dog’s environment can also help reduce pacing behaviour. This could include providing comfortable surfaces for them to walk on, reducing clutter and obstacles, and creating a calm and quiet space for your dog to relax.
In some cases, medications or supplements like benzodiazepines or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be prescribed to help manage your senior dog’s pacing behaviour.
However, do not jump to any conclusions by yourself; your vet is the best person to advise on which medications or supplements may suit your dog’s needs!
Finally, behavioural training and therapy are another effective way of managing pacing behaviour.
This treatment could include positive reinforcement training to encourage your dog to engage in alternative behaviours or cognitive behavioural therapy to help manage anxiety or stress.
Daisy Chan is an experienced writer at KnowMyDog.com who is dedicated to providing senior dog owners with the knowledge and resources they need to take care of their aging pets. Her expertise in dog care and nutrition, coupled with her exceptional writing skills, has made her an essential part of the KnowMyDog.com team. Through her writing, Daisy shares her knowledge on a wide range of topics related to senior dog health and wellness, from exercise tips to advice on managing chronic health conditions.
Daisy’s passion for dogs and her commitment to excellence have made her a trusted source of information for pet owners seeking guidance on how to care for their senior dogs. Her ability to distill complex information into easy-to-understand articles has earned her a loyal following among dog owners who appreciate her expertise and her ability to make difficult topics accessible. Overall, Daisy’s work at KnowMyDog.com has made a significant impact in the pet industry, and her dedication to helping senior dogs and their owners is sure to continue benefiting countless pets and their human companions for years to come.