Dachshund Breed Information: All You Need to Know About the Sausage Dog

Dachshund Breed Information

Dachshunds have been a consistently popular dog in the US recently. These small but brave dogs are known to be constantly on the lookout. Read on through our Dachshund information guide for more about this very special dog, and to learn whether this breed is right for you.

Although initially bred to be prey dogs, they can be great family pets and are incredibly loyal. There’s nothing more heartwarming than becoming their forever person, but be mindful that you will never get to go to the bathroom on your own again.

In our Dachshund facts and information guide, we’ll talk about the unique traits of this lively dog and what to expect when it gets older

Known for its elongated body and short legs, the spirited dachshund has been a beloved choice for families. Explore more about sharing your home with these delightful dogs in our Dachshund Breed information guide.

Dachshund Breed Information Key Takeaways

  • Dachshunds are good family dogs but, due to their size, be careful with them around toddlers whilst you educate your small person on how to play with and take care of your pet.
  • Highly intelligent with a super sensitive nose, these little dogs will search out food anywhere they can reach.
  • Affectionately known by many nicknames: wiener dog, sausage dog, doxie, and more.
  • Their name literally means “badger dog,” and they will dig wherever and whenever they can. If you are a keen gardener – beware! Indoors, they will burrow under blankets and create a den.
  • Dachshunds are prone to obesity when they grow older, so daily walks are essential. 
  • Deeper understanding of our Dachshund facts and information is essential as you prepare for life with your new Doxie.

Dachshund Facts and Information

Dachshunds are an energetic, lovable breed. Whilst technically a scent hound, they do share some qualities you’d usually associate with terriers, such as a love of digging and having larger-than-life personalities.

Read on through our Dachshund breed information guide to learn more about the Dachshund’s temperament, training, history, care tips, and more.

Thanks to their cute appearance, they’ve always been a favorite subject for artists, cartoonists, and toy makers. This dog is the perfect family and children companion and can live happily in an apartment as long as it gets physically and mentally stimulated. 

Here are some key Dachshund facts and information you need to know:                              

History and Origin

Where do Dachshunds originate from? Learn more about the history and origin of doxies with our Dachshund breed info:

  • Originally bred in the 15th century in Germany to hunt badgers and keep the population under control.
  • Some of the earliest dogs could trail wild boar. 
  • This is the only breed recognized by the American Kennel Club that hunts above and below the ground. 
  • Doxies were quite popular in royal courts; Queen Victoria was particularly fond of them. 
  • The American Kennel Club, or AKC, registered Dachshunds in the 19th century. 

Shape and Size

Their unique shape and size are among their defining features. Discover more about the characteristics that make Dachshunds a special breed with this Dachshund information:

  • The dogs are small to medium and come in three sizes: Kaninchen, Miniature, and Standard. 
  • Standard Dachshunds are the largest and weigh between 16 and 32 pounds. Miniature Dachshunds can weigh about 11 pounds, and Kaninchen Dachshunds (or Toy Dashchunds) weigh about 8 pounds or even less. 


The Dachshund is renowned for its distinctive physical characteristics and traits. Read on for more about this very special dog with our Dachshund information:

  • These dogs might have smooth, long-haired, or wire-haired coats and these coat types come in various colors. 
  • Dachshunds can have different markings like brindle, dapple, double dapple, piebald, brindle piebald, and sable.
  • Dachshunds have a cute, comical body shape, short legs, and flap-down ears. 
  • These small dogs have deep chests and large lungs, so their bark sounds like it’s coming from a much larger dog. 


Like any other breed, dachshunds can be prone to certain behavioral issues. Here are some key dachshund information to consider before bringing one home.

  • Dachshunds are clever but can sometimes be stubborn. As independent thinkers, regular training is crucial to help them understand boundaries set by their human family. 
  • They’re known to have the character of a big dog in a small dog’s body, in what’s known as the Small Dog Syndrome. 
  • Dachshunds are fond of digging and can fight small animals like badgers and rabbits. 
  • They prefer to stay close to their owners, so they might try to help with some chores. 
  • Dachshunds can be fantastic therapy dogs. They also excel at obedience and agility competitions with positive reinforcement training sessions. 


For a well-trained Dachshund, stick to all the rules of proper training. Here are some Dachshund info training tips closely tied to taking care of Dachshunds:

  • Reward your dog with a treat each time they manage to follow your order. This helps them connect an action with a reward, encouraging them to repeat the behavior in the future.
  • To prevent your dog from jumping and barking during meals, avoid giving them food while you eat. Stick to your Doxie’s feeding schedule for their best interest.
  • Though they are small dogs, Dachshunds might bite when they feel threatened. So, it’s smart to get your Doxie used to socializing when they’re still a puppy.


Dachshunds generally suffer from few health issues and are long-lived. Adhere to these tips from our Dachshund information guide to care for your Dachshunds:

  • Maintaining proper weight is crucial for a joyful and healthy Dachshund. Regularly check your Dachshund’s weight to prevent potential health issues associated with both overweight and underweight conditions.
  • A Dachshund that is bored tends to become noisy and destructive, so engaging in varied daily exercise provides the mental stimulation necessary to keep him happy.
  • Help your Dachshunds stay healthy by taking them for a 20-minute walk daily or at least a couple of times per week.

Living Arrangements

Curious if a Dachshund is the perfect dog for your home? Here are Dachshund facts and information about their ideal living arrangement:

  • Dachshunds are an adaptable breed of dogs and can make a great pet in almost any home (just beware of too many stairs!).
  • They’re well suited for apartment living. 
  • Dachshunds are curious and may have a strong prey drive. Ensure your outdoor area is securely fenced to prevent them from wandering off.
  • Dachshunds are social dogs and thrive on companionship. Spend quality time with them and consider having more than one pet if possible.

Care Routine

Dachshunds are playful and adorable, but they must be handled with care due to their elongated, fragile spines. Dig into more Dachshund info to learn how to care for your Dachshund fluffs:

  • When it comes to doxies grooming needs, they differ depending on hair length. Long-haired dogs need more grooming to avoid matting, while short-haired ones require less attention.
  • Dachshunds are average shedders. 
  • Maintain your dog’s oral hygiene by brushing their teeth a few times each week.

Dachshund Breed Information: Signs Your Dachshund is a Senior Dog

Signs Your Dachshund is a Senior Dog

Dogs age faster than humans, so the puppy you brought your toddler will be a senior dog by the time your child is a teen!

Just like people, even the most playful puppies slow down with age. Find out the signs that indicate your dachshund is becoming a senior dog with helpful Dachshund information.

Getting a dog from one of the reputable breeders guarantees that it’ll be free of genetic health conditions. Nevertheless, aging is inevitable, and it’s normal to notice some changes when your dog ages.

According to the breed standard information, Dachshunds can live between 12 and 16 years, although some dogs can live even longer. In fact, a Californian Dachshund called Rocky is reported to have lived for an amazing 25+ years.

In this guide on Dachshund breed information, we’ll provide insights into health conditions to be aware of as your doxie ages. This includes:

1. Intervertebral Disc Disease

About 25% of doxies deal with Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) at some point in their lives, which usually worsens with age. This is a degenerative disease caused by intevertebral discs either bulging or bursting. Symptoms you will notice include weak movement of the hind limbs, inability to lift the head, breathing issues, and urinary incontinence. 

A dog can recover from IVDD but it can require surgery and careful recovery. First step as always is to speak to your vet if you see any early signs of IVDD.

2. Eye Conditions

Dachshunds are prone to genetic eye conditions that can lead to loss of vision, cataracts, or even blindness. Things to look out for are red or bloodshot eyes, blood on the eyelids, scratching of their face near their eyes, weeping eyes, or a cloudy area on their eyeball. It is important to note that some eye conditions have no visible symptoms so regular vet visits and checks on their eyesight are hugely important.

Cataracts are the most common problem, more so as the dogs age and this can be inherited through genetics for some dogs. Whilst cataracts can be treated by surgery, vets don’t often like to do this for older dogs so it may be something your dog will have to learn to live with.

3. Hip Dysplasia

A condition that usually affects Dachshunds as they’re growing up, Hip dysplasia causes instability in the hip joints, limiting mobility and causing pain.

Its symptoms include difficulty running or jumping, decreased activity, and losing thigh muscle fat. Treatment often involves physical therapy, and in more challenging cases, surgery may be necessary.

4. Dental Issues

It’s pretty common for Dachshund owners to find food trapped in their mouths. As these dogs age, they are prone to dental issues like cavities, plaque, and calculus. 

These dental issues increase the risk of heart disease, and the dog might start losing weight because it’s unable to chew. 

5. Heart Disease

A leaky heart valve or DMVD usually appears in this breed by the time they’re 8 or 10. This problem causes cough, exercise intolerance, fatigue, and a heart murmur that the vet can hear. 

It might lead to obesity because the dog is unable to work out as much as it used to. 

6. Obesity

Statistics show that 40% of doxies are overweight between the ages of 6 and 10. As the dog gets older, the extra pounds add to the pressure on the spine and increase the mobility issues of your senior Dachshund. 

7. Diabetes

Dashchunds are more prone to developing diabetes than some other breeds and this becomes more prevalent in older dogs. Common causes include obesity and lack of physical exercise, diabetes is also more common in femal and than male Dashchunds. 

Watch for signs like increased thirst, urination, appetite, weight loss, tiredness, and cloudy eyes. Early detection of diabetes allows timely treatment and adjustments to manage your dog’s symptoms, even though there’s no cure.

8. Skin Issues

Dachshunds are prone to various skin problems, the most popular of which are dry skin and yeast infections.

Their symptoms are mostly similar, like excessive scratching, rubbing, licking, and skin color turning red. 

In this case, you must avoid harsh shampoos and keep your dog’s environment clean. You’ll also need to visit the vet to determine the exact cause and future treatment plan.

With this Dachshund breed information guide, you will be able to prevent and spot health issues, ensuring your dog lives a happier, healthier, and often longer life.

Dachshund Breed Information: How to Care For Your Senior Dachshund 

dachshund dogs lying on a grey mat

Read on for more Dachshund facts and information to learn how to care for your beloved sausage dog in their later years.

Knowing your dog is old or adopting a senior dog doesn’t mean your pooch is about to die. It just needs special care and attention, and you should understand how to deal with your senior pooch. Here are valuable Dachshund info on caring for your senior Dachshund:

1. Choose the Right Exercises

Regular exercise is one of the most essential factors in keeping your Dachshund healthy and avoiding IVDD!

When it’s young, you can go for long walks, hikes, or swimming to maintain its weight and help build muscle. As time goes by, take down the exercise time to maybe half an hour daily.

Also, please avoid any exercise involving jumping or having your dog jump at all. A neat trick that can help with that is setting up cavaletti rails for your dog to step over instead of jumping.

Over time, this little exercise can help your Dachshund avoid its instinct to jump over hurdles.

This is very crucial because jumping—even if it’s from the bed or couch—can trigger spine issues in doxies.

2. Adjust Your Dog’s Diet

As your dog exercises less often, you should pay attention to their calorie intake to maintain a healthy weight. After all, their tiny bodies make them more likely to get chubbier than other dogs.

So, to start, you must avoid giving your doxie table scraps or fatty treats like bacon and jerky meat to prevent obesity and dental issues. 

Regarding food preference, Dachshunds need loads of protein, zero fats, and omega-3 to keep them healthy.

For instance, you can feed your dog homemade fish, chicken, or turkey, as those are all excellent protein sources with little fat.

If you’re extra worried about its weight, you can create meals that provide nutrition and help the dog feel full. For example, a pumpkin puree can help your Dachshund feel satisfied while providing fiber.

3. Dog Proof Your House

Understand the limits of your senior pooch, as it might not be able to do the things it did in the past. 

One would be going up and down the stairs due to IVDD or other spine issues. Moreover, your canine companion might have painful arthritis symptoms. 

So, you should ensure your dog has a comfortable living space on the first floor. You can also install gates to keep your pooch off the stairs. 

Invest in ramps and steps, and train your dog to use them, as they will be safer and allow your pooch to get on the bed or sofa quickly. Finally, be prepared to carry your dog around more often, as it might need help walking long distances. 

Should I Get a Dachshund?

While owning any pet involves responsibilities, if you feel confident in managing the unique aspects of having a Dachshund, go ahead! Many happy Sausage Dog lovers can attest to the joy they bring. Remember to keep our Dachshund information in mind for guidance!


Learning some essential Dachshund information and how to deal with the expected health issues as your dog gets older guarantees a better life for you with your senior pooch. 

These friendly dogs don’t lose their delightful demeanor as they age, but they’ll become less active and need special attention.

To keep your dachshund happy and ensure a good, long life, make sure they have a healthy diet, exercise, training, visits to the vet, and ample opportunity to dig in your bed— don’t forget to refer to these Dachshund facts and information for additional insights.

We hope this Dachshund breed information guide has helped you understand your Dachshund a little bit more.

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